Men’s Health Facts

Information about how to stay healthy and fit as a man.

Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among American men. Most prostate cancers grow slowly, and don’t cause any health problems in men who have them.

Risk Factors

Men have a greater chance of getting prostate cancer if they are 50 years old or older, are African-American, or have a father, brother, or son who has had prostate cancer.

Starting at age 50, men should talk to a doctor about the pros and cons of testing so they can decide if testing is the right choice for them. If they are African American or have a father or brother who had prostate cancer before age 65, men should have this talk with a doctor starting at age 45. If men decide to be tested, they should have the PSA blood test with or without a rectal exam. How often they are tested will depend on their PSA level.

Colorectal cancer and polyps

Beginning at age 50, both men and women should follow one of these testing schedules:

Tests that find polyps and cancer

  • Flexible sigmoidoscopy every 5 years*, or
  • Colonoscopy every 10 years, or
  • Double-contrast barium enema every 5 years*, or
  • CT colonography (virtual colonoscopy) every 5 years*

Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in young men between the ages of 15 and 35. It starts as an abnormal growth or tumor that develops in one or both testicles. It is a highly treatable type of cancer with a very good cure rate (about 95%) if found and treated early.

  • Because treatment is so successful, the risk of dying from this cancer is very low: about 1 in 5,000.
  • A man’s lifetime chance of having testicular cancer is about 1 in 270.
  • Estimated New Cases of Testicular Cancer for 2014 is 8,820
  • Estimated Deaths for 2014 is 380.
  • Percent of men surviving 5 years or more after being Diagnosed is 95.3%.


What is testicular self-examination (TSE)?

Regular self-examination of the testicles is important for young men, particularly those at risk for testicular cancer. Being familiar with the size, shape and usual level of lumpiness can help you determine if something is not quite right.

A testicular self-examination can help a man detect any changes in the testes early. Men are encouraged to perform monthly testicular self-exams, ideally after a bath or shower, when the scrotum is relaxed.

The American Cancer Society recommends getting a testicular exam as part of your routine checkup.


By Fitness Intern Kathleen Reno



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