Have you ever bent down to tie your shoe or pick up some small object and come up with back pain? Have you hurt your back while playing with your kids or walking the dogs? Low back pain is a common problem and one of the main reasons is inactivity. As we get older and less active, we lose the strength and the balance in the core muscles (abs and low back) can lead to poor posture, improper alignment, fatigue and pain. Regular exercise is the best way to protect your lower back.
Quick tips to a healthier back
- Do not sit for long periods of time.
- Avoid sitting forward on a chair with back arched
- Sit in a chair with good lumbar support and proper position and height for the task. Keep your shoulders back. Switch sitting positions often and periodically walk around the office or gently stretch muscles to relieve tension. A pillow or rolled-up towel placed behind the small of your back can provide some lumbar support. If you must sit for a long period of time, rest your feet on a low stool or a stack of books.
- Avoid sitting with legs out straight and raised on a stool.
- If standing for long periods, shift positions from one foot to another or place one foot on a stool.
- Stand tall, flatten low back, tighten lower muscles under belly button, and relax the knees a bit to lessen the pull of the hamstrings on your pelvis.
- Wear comfortable, low-heeled shoes. A raised heel will exaggerate the curve in your lower back.
Lifting and Carrying:
- To pick up an object, bend at knees and not the waist; do not twist to pick up an object. Face the object squarely; and tuck in buttocks and tighten abdomen.
- To carry an object, hold object close to body; hold object at waist level; and do not try to carry object on one side of body for extended period of time. If have to be carried unbalanced, chance from one side to the other.
- Do not stay in one position too long.
- The bed should be flat and firm yet comfortable.
- Do not sleep on the abdomen (stomach).
- Do not sleep on your back with legs fully extended.
- If sleeping on your back, a pillow should be placed under the knees.
- Ideally, sleep on the side with knees drawn up to reduce any curve in the spine.
- Do not sleep with arms extended overhead. This will increase curve in spine.
- If your bed is too soft and gives little support to your back you may need to place a ¾-inch plywood board underneath the mattress to give it a firm, stable surface for your low back.
- If dealing with acute pain from an injury the position of least strain on the back is in the fully recumbent position with the hips and knees at angles of 90 degrees.
Regular exercise and a healthy diet will help decrease your chances of a low back injury. Special attention should be placed on flexibility of the muscles that directly impact the movement and stabilization of the hips and low back. Please come and talk with personal trainer Jason Anderson firstname.lastname@example.org or any of our training staff at the Seattle athletic club to get you started on a safe and effective workout program to protect your back.